Joan Bono

twitter: @joan_bono
Website: joan_bono.github.io
Company: Ackcent

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Reflashing Proxmark3 RV3.0 using a Bus Pirate

Experimenting with my Proxmark3 RV3.0, I broke the bootloader.

Taking advantage of that I have two Bus Pirate, I used it to reflash the device.

First of all, the connection.

The Proxmark3 has JTAG pinout, so, let use them!

The connections with the Bus Pirate:

Proxmark3 Bus Pirate Cable Color
TMS CS Purple
TDI MISO Blue
TDO MOSI Green
TCK CLK Yellow
GND GND Black
3.3 +3.3 White

As seen in the picture:

So, the steps are the following:

  1. Clone the proxmark3 repository.
  2. Install openocd.
  3. Compile the code.
  4. Connect the Bus Pirate and the Proxmark3 using probe cables.
  5. Use openocd to flash the firmware.

For this, we need two command prompts. In the first one:

jbono@MacBook [~]> git clone https://github.com/proxmark/proxmark3
jbono@MacBook [~]> cd proxmark3
jbono@MacBook [~/proxmark3]> brew install openocd
jbono@MacBook [~/proxmark3]> make clean; make

Now we have to point the openocd configuration file to our Bus Pirate. Connect to the computer using USB cable and then:

jbono@MacBook [~/proxmark3]> ls /dev/tty.*
/dev/tty.usbserial-A900fzzr

So, modify the openocd configuration file:

jbono@MacBook [~/proxmark3]> head tools/at91sam7s512-buspirate.cfg
# Ports
telnet_port 4444
gdb_port 3333

# Interface
interface buspirate
buspirate_port /dev/tty.usbserial-A900fzzr
adapter_khz 1000

# Communication speed

Now it’s time to start openocd:

jbono@MacBook [~/proxmark3]> openocd -f tools/at91sam7s512-buspirate.cfg
Open On-Chip Debugger 0.10.0
Licensed under GNU GPL v2
For bug reports, read
  http://openocd.org/doc/doxygen/bugs.html
  Warn : Adapter driver 'buspirate' did not declare which transports it allows; assuming legacy JTAG-only
  Info : only one transport option; autoselect 'jtag'
  adapter speed: 1000 kHz
[...]

Finally, in other terminal:

jbono@MacBook [~/proxmark3]> telnet localhost 4444
Trying ::1...
telnet: connect to address ::1: Connection refused
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
Open On-Chip Debugger

>
> halt
> flash erase_sector 0 0 15
erased sectors 0 through 15 on flash bank 0 in 0.351705s
> flash write_image ./armsrc/obj/fullimage.elf
wrote 190924 bytes from file ./armsrc/obj/fullimage.elf in 281.332581s (0.663 KiB/s)
> flash write_image ./bootrom/obj/bootrom.elf
wrote 3776 bytes from file ./bootrom/obj/bootrom.elf in 6.327095s (0.583 KiB/s)
>

:warning: BE PATIENT, IT MAY TAKE A WHILE

Time to test our brand new Proxmark3!

jbono@MacBook [~/proxmark3]> cd client
jbono@MacBook [~/proxmark3/client]> ./proxmark3 /dev/cu.usbmodem1421
Prox/RFID mark3 RFID instrument
bootrom: master/v3.0.1-98-g9d0a333-suspect 2017-10-17 15:54:15
os: master/v3.0.1-98-g9d0a333-suspect 2017-10-17 15:54:16
LF FPGA image built for 2s30vq100 on 2015/03/06 at 07:38:04
HF FPGA image built for 2s30vq100 on 2017/07/13 at 08:44:13

uC: AT91SAM7S256 Rev B
Embedded Processor: ARM7TDMI
Nonvolatile Program Memory Size: 256K bytes. Used: 199115 bytes (76). Free: 63029 bytes (24).
Second Nonvolatile Program Memory Size: None
Internal SRAM Size: 64K bytes
Architecture Identifier: AT91SAM7Sxx Series
Nonvolatile Program Memory Type: Embedded Flash Memory